Autonomous Vehicles in 2023
Autonomous vehicles are expected to make roads safer while providing numerous advantages, yet some worry about job disruption caused by these autonomous vehicles.
UAE recently passed a law to regulate autonomous vehicles (AVs), with other countries soon after following suit. Here’s everything you should know about this new development – for instance, UAE law covers multiple areas related to AVs.
As autonomous vehicle use increases, legislators and regulators across the nation have taken notice. Some have initiated regulations designed to control costs and performance; others take a more balanced approach considering benefits like traffic deaths reduction, disabled accessibility increases and decreased congestion and emissions reductions.
At a federal level, several legislative proposals are currently under development. Of note are two bills–SELF DRIVE Act and American Vision for Safer Transportation through Advancements of Revolutionary Technologies Act (AV START Act)–aimed at addressing regulatory oversight. If approved by Congress, one or both would grant full control over AV testing to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as well as require all manufacturers create privacy plans for passenger data collected during testing.
Supporters of these legislative efforts contend that reasonable and thoughtful federal regulation are needed to maintain American leadership in the AV field. Other nations are working aggressively to deploy these vehicles, and the US needs a flexible regulatory framework that encourages innovation while still permitting safety testing. Nonetheless, lawmakers recognize the potential danger of an absence of regulation; for instance, in Tempe the crash could have been avoided had the car responded more slowly when encountering objects like plastic bags.
As there is no federal regulatory body overseeing autonomous vehicles, individual states are taking the initiative in overseeing them. Arizona passed legislation permitting companies to conduct self-driving car tests on state highways with permission from the Department of Transportation; other states have regulations restricting how many such cars may be tested per company – for example California caps testing at 2500 per company.
Michigan changed its laws to permit fully autonomous vehicles on certain roadways without needing a driver present, under certain conditions. Michigan also has laws to prevent hacking into autonomous vehicle systems, and Arkansas and Minnesota have passed regulations defining automated driving systems as well as setting restrictions for platoons of autonomous commercial vehicles.
Massachusetts lawmakers recently proposed legislation that will permit level three autonomous vehicles (those which make decisions but still need human control to take direct control) to be tested on public roads as long as the vehicle and operator meet certain criteria – including submitting a law enforcement interaction plan and paying road usage charges to support Massachusetts Transportation Fund.
NCSL is monitoring a bill currently before Congress called the SELF DRIVE Act that seeks to amend certain aspects of federal law concerning autonomous vehicles. NCSL will keep an eye on this legislation that may impact state law.
Although technology is rapidly advancing, most states still have not passed laws specifically related to autonomous vehicles. Arizona and Florida have implemented moderate regulations, while on Sept 28 the Senate Commerce Committee passed the SELF DRIVE Act which will promote Levels 4 and 5 autonomy by mandating safety certifications and other measures; additionally it ensures cybersecurity is addressed as cars gather vast amounts of personal data that needs protection.
As federal attention on ADAS standards increases, questions related to liability will become increasingly complicated. While federal level legislation that preempts state liability authority would be an error in judgment, the federal government can play an essential role when setting minimum standards.
Autonomous driving technologies are capable of performing exceptionally well; however, they’re not perfect and could eventually cause accidents – in which case, determining responsibility often necessitates looking into products liability laws to determine who was at fault and where responsibility should lie.
As autonomous vehicle development advances, lawmakers must carefully consider its effects on communities and society as a whole. Autonomous vehicle technology promises to democratize transportation while significantly decreasing operating costs of vehicle ownership – offering tremendous promise in its future but failing to establish a clear legal framework may stymie its progress.
As autonomous vehicles become more common on our roadways, they could significantly decrease accidents caused by human error – thus decreasing insurance industry claims, premiums and overall loss of revenue. Furthermore, autonomous car safety features could prevent many potential accidents that might otherwise happen; Waymo’s self-driving car technology uses radar sensors and other sensors to continuously monitor its environment for collisions involving other cars, pedestrians and objects in its path; they detect blind spots, make collision avoidance decisions when visibility or traffic conditions make this impossible, compensate when drivers become distracted or tired as well as assist when distracted or fatigued drivers need help making these decisions themselves.
Although advanced safety systems cannot completely eliminate accidents, particularly if another driver is negligent. Insurance companies will need to adapt their current structures, policies, and qualifying factors for automobile insurance to account for autonomous cars; specifically they must determine whether fleets of autonomous cars have accident rates comparable or better than human drivers.
Autonomous vehicles are an incredibly complex topic, and deciding exactly how they should be regulated will take time. Meanwhile, it is vital that we stay abreast of any developments regarding them – the National Conference of State Legislatures provides a legislative database with information regarding each state’s autonomous vehicle laws that is available online.